Introduction : Somaliland’s Democratic Transition
Somaliland’s unilaterally withdrawal from the union with Somalia in 1991 was followed by a decade-long peace and state-building process led by traditional clan elders. Somaliland resolved internal disputes, merged militias into police and military forces, and built governance institutions and practices based on a system that blended tradition and modernity. These were formally codified with the ratification by popular referendum of a new constitution in 2001. However, Somaliland remains internationally unrecognised.
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